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Literary Elements

Plot - Sequence of events in a literary work. Basic to every plot is conflict or struggle. In Macbeth there is external conflict between Macbeth and Macduff. Internal conflict is that which occurs within the mind of a character. Macbeth's agonizing over whether or not to kill Duncan is an example of internal conflict.
Setting- Time and place of the action. Mainly Scotland and breifly England in the tenth and eleventh centuries.
Atmosphere- The feeling during the play. It is one of doom and foreboding. Most of the action takes place in foul weather or thick night.
Imagery- The descriptive language used in literature to recreate sensory experiences. In Macbeth it keeps the imagination moving on a wild and violent sea.
Theme- The central idea concern or purpose in a literary work. The theme of Macbeth is that evil always gets its reward.